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Javnost - The Public, Vol. 15 - 2008, No. 1

Cultural coup d’etat: The changing roles of UNESCO and local government on cultural sovereignty

, pages: 5-22

The article clarifies the cause of the changes of the Korean cultural policy with a special focus on the screen quota system. As a starting point of the discussion, it documents the way in which the screen quota system has been maintained or developed under neoliberal globalisation. Korea has been one of few countries that have resisted Hollywood’s hegemony over the decades with some success. The article then examines how the UNESCO has reaffirmed the right of sovereign states to maintain and implement polices that protect and promote cultural expression in order to investigate whether the UNESCO convention has provided legal protections to local culture and cultural sovereignty. Finally, the paper discusses why the Korean government has initiated the rapid policy change in the screen quota in relation to the U.S. pressure.The key question will be the role of the nation-state in the process of the changing cultural politics in the UNESCO convention era.

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